Socio-Demographic Determinants of Female Employment in Croatia

Jakov GELO, Šime SMOLIĆ, Marin STRMOTA

Abstract


In this paper the authors define the effects of selected socio- -demographic predictors – age, education, number of children, marital status of women and having a preschool child – on female employment in Croatia. In the very first part of this article a vast review of literature relating to the research of the causes and consequences of female labour force participation is presented. The findings in this paper are based on the analysis of the micro data from the Labour Force Survey in the second and fourth quarters of 2007. A total number of 2462 women were included in the sample; though some groups of women were excluded afterwards, e.g. women still schooling and some less represented marital status profiles (divorced, widowed etc.). In the second part of the paper the authors use descriptive data analysis relating the independent variables to the three variations of a dependent variable. Moreover, in order to identify the significant predictors of female employment, a multinomial logistic regression (logistic regression extension) is employed. Education, number of children, age of woman, marital status and having a preschool child are the significant predictors of female employment while marriage status is not significant in the model.

Keywords


female labour force participation; education of women; number of children; employment

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