Personality and Self-Perception of Physical and Emotional Health among First-Year University Students

Jasminka Bobic, Selma Cvijetić, Jelena Macan

Abstract


The aim of this study was to determine the four personality traits: psychoticism (P), extraversion (E), neuroticism (N) and lie tendencies (L) measured by the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, depression symptoms measured by the Zung Depression Scale (ZDS) and self-perceived health-related well- -being measured by SF-36 in a sample of 430 healthy first-year university students of both sexes. We also wanted to determine which personality variable best predicts depression symptoms (ZDS) and well-being (SF-36). The obtained results showed that students rated their health and health-related quality of life as good, although they scored lower than same aged adults from the general population. Women had significantly higher scores on ZDS, N and L than men, while men scored higher on P and six out of eight SF-36 scales. N, among all of the other included personality variables, best predicts depression symptoms on ZDS and self-perceived physical and emotional health on SF-36. We also found that gender was not a moderator in any of the personality traits in their influence on well-being, but that N in females only adds significantly to the expression of depression symptoms. We concluded that personality plays an important role in subjective health-related well-being together with objective life circumstances.

Keywords


personality; well-being; extraversion; neuroticism; SF-36

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Print ISSN 1330-0288 | Online ISSN 1848-6096